• Using the SPF Costing Tool in Mozambique
  • Thailand pushes ahead on the SPF
  • Rwanda develops new social protection strategy in 2011
  • A Social Protection Floor for All
  • The G20 endorses the SPF-I
  • Among other types of support, SPF partners helped estimate the cost of a series of possible programmes for 2012-2015. This allowed them to advise the government as to alternative policy options in line with Mozambique's National Stategy for Basic Social Security. Use the SPF Costing Tool to cost a set of cash transfers to 2030.

    Photo credit: © UNICEF/Mozambique/2003/Giacomo Pirozzi

  • At the launch of a joint UN-Royal Thai Government report that analyses policy options and costing for expanding social protection coverage in Thailand, the Office of the Prime Minister stated that human development throughout the life cycle and increased labour productivity are the main targets of the government for strengthening quality of life.

    Photo credit: © ILO/Thailand/2013

  • Members of the SPF-Initiative supported the development of Rwanda’s new Social Protection Strategy 2011 and gave technical and financial support to the Ministry of Health regarding the development of the Community Based Health Insurance Policy.

    Photo credit: © International Labour Organization


  • This short video provides an overview of the SPF approach and shows how the expansion of social protection coverage has had crucial social and economic benefits in several countries throughout the world. Watch video.

  • The G20 endorsed the establishment of social protection floors and committed to making gradual progress towards their implementation during the Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting that took place in Paris, September 26-7, 2011.

    Photo credit: © International Labour Organization

Social Protection Floors are nationally defined sets of at least four primary social security guarantees that ensure basic income security for all and access to universal essential healthcare.

Social Protection Floors (SPFs) are the first step toward the implementation of comprehensive social protection systems worldwide. By establishing nationally defined and context-specific Social Protection Floors, countries help realize the universal right to basic social security and essential social services while enabling and promoting future socio-economic development.

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March 2014
Helen Clark, Chair of the United Nations Development Group, and Guy Ryder, Director-General of the International Labour Office, called on UN colleagues working at country-level to advance the implementation of social protection floors by taking the following steps:
1. Building/strengthening One UN National SPF Teams
2. Supporting national dialogues on implementing context-appropriate SPFs
3. Helping countries identify existing social protection progammes, outlying needs, additional policy options, and possible monitoring and financing mechanisms
4. Promoting the SPF as an instrument in UN Development Assistance Frameworks.
5. Cooperating with national statistical offices to improve data on social protection.

Read their call for action.

June 2012
Phnom Penh, Cambodia:  Second South-South Cooperation Initiative mission to Cambodia, bringing experts from the National Health Security Office (NHSO) of Thailand to support the design of social protection policies and systems in Cambodia. The first South-South Cooperation project, in Cambodia, was launched on April 26, 2012, and will span two years. Four additioanl countries have initially been selected to participate and benefit from the technical expertise of other South countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Lao PDR and Togo. For more information, see South-South collaboration.

May 30 - June 15, Geneva: A new recommendation on social protection was adopted at the 101st session of the International Labour Conference, in Geneva. The Recommendation Concerning National Floors of Social Protection puts forth a new international labour standard by providing the ILO's 183 Member States with a number of guidelines on the implementation of national social protection floors.  This is the first autonomous standard on social security to be voted on in 68 years.

January 2012
January 30, New York: Fourth Inter-agency Technical Meeting on the Social Protection Floor Initiative. This meeting served to devise strategies for closer collaboration between SPF-I coalition members and to establish a workplan for 2012.


All around the world, countries continue to develop and implement programmes that bring them closer to ensuring a Social Protection Floor for all. Some highlights of the latest progress are presented below.

Thailand expresses its commitment to implementing an SPF and begins work with UN agencies

Extending the scope and coverage of the social protection system (particularly to informal sector workers) is a key target of Thailand's 11th Five-Year Economic and Social Development Plan (2012-2016). Universal access to free basic health care and nine years of free, compulsory education – key elements of an SPF – are already in place but the government’s new National Economic and Social Development Plan envisages further extending access to services and providing an adequate level of social protection to all members of the population.

The SPF-Initiative has been a means for the government and the UN system in Thailand to work together in a coherent manner toward this unified goal. An effective partnership has been formed between UNICEF, UNFPA and the ILO on the UN side and the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security, and the National Economic and Social Development Board on the government side. In August 2011, a government-led consultative workshop mapped out Thailand's social protection system (identifying and prioritizing gaps) and carried out an initial assessment of the cost of filling gaps in social protection coverage. This has helped identify the main social protection issues and strategies, and the support that the UN can provide to the Government of Thailand as it implements its SPF.

  •    Opening remarks, Consultative Meeting on the SPF in Thailand
  •    Pre-assessment Matrix on the SPF in Thailand

    To share your country's SPF experience, please contact us at socialprotectionfloor@gmail.com.